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With Power BI real-time streaming, you can stream data and update dashboards in real-time. Any visual or dashboard that can be created in Power BI can also be created to display and update real-time data and visuals. The devices and sources of streaming data can be factory sensors, social media sources, service usage metrics, and anything else from which time-sensitive data can be collected or transmitted.
This article shows you how to set up real-time streaming dataset in Power BI. But before we get to that, it's important to understand the types of real-time datasets that are designed to display in tiles and dashboards , and how those datasets differ.
There are three types of real-time datasets which are designed for display on real-time dashboards:. First let's understand how these datasets differ from one another this section , then we discuss how to push data into those each of these datasets. With a push dataset , data is pushed into the Power BI service. When the dataset is created, the Power BI service automatically creates a new database in the service to store the data.
Since there is an underlying database that continues to store the data as it comes in, reports can be created with the data. Once a report is creating using the push dataset, any of its visuals can be pinned to a dashboard. On that dashboard, visuals update in real-time whenever the data is updated. Within the service, the dashboard is triggering a tile refresh every time new data is received. With a streaming dataset , data is also pushed into the Power BI service, with an important difference: Power BI only stores the data into a temporary cache, which quickly expires.
The temporary cache is only used to display visuals which have some transient sense of history, such as a line chart that has a time window of one hour.
With a streaming dataset , there is no underlying database, so you cannot build report visuals using the data that flows in from the stream. As such, you cannot make use of report functionality such as filtering, custom visuals, and other report functions. The only way to visualize a streaming dataset is to add a tile and use the streaming dataset as a custom streaming data data source. The custom streaming tiles that are based on a streaming dataset are optimized for quickly displaying real-time data.
In practice, streaming datasets and their accompanying streaming visuals are best used in situations when it is critical to minimize the latency between when data is pushed and when it is visualized. In addition, it's best practice to have the data pushed in a format that can be visualized as-is, without any additional aggregations. Examples of data that's ready as-is include temperatures, and pre-calculated averages. As with the streaming dataset , with the PubNub streaming dataset there is no underlying database in Power BI, so you cannot build report visuals against the data that flows in, and cannot take advantage of report functionality such as filtering, custom visuals, and so on.
As such, the PubNub streaming dataset can also only be visualized by adding a tile to the dashboard, and configuring a PubNub data stream as the source. Tiles based on a PubNub streaming dataset are optimized for quickly displaying real-time data. Since Power BI is directly connected to the PubNub data stream, there is very little latency between when the data is pushed into the Power BI service and when the visual is updated.
The following table or matrix, if you like describes the three types of datasets for real-time streaming, and lists capabilities and limitations of each. The previous section described the three primary types of real-time datasets you can use in real-time streaming, and how they differ.
This section describes how to create and push data into those datasets. If no defaultMode flag is set, the dataset defaults to a push dataset. If the defaultMode value is set to pushStreaming , the dataset is both a push and streaming dataset, providing the benefits of both dataset types.
When using datasets with the defaultMode flag set to pushStreaming , if a request exceeds the 15Kb size restriction for a streaming dataset, but is less than the 16MB size restriction of a push dataset, the request will succeed and the data will be updated in the push dataset. However, any streaming tiles will temporarily fail. When creating the new streaming dataset, you can select to enable Historic data analysis as shown below, which has a significant impact. When Historic data analysis is disabled it is disabled by default , you create a streaming dataset as described earlier in this article.
When Historic data analysis is enabled , the dataset created becomes both a streaming dataset and a push dataset. In such datasets, the dataset owner receives a URL with a rowkey, which authorizes the requestor to push data into the dataset with out using an Azure AD OAuth bearer token.
This section describes technical details about how that process occurs. If your Azure Stream Analytics query results in very rapid output to Power BI for example, once or twice per second , Azure Stream Analytics will begin batching those outputs into a single request.
This may cause the request size to exceed the streaming tile limit. In that case, as mentioned in previous sections, streaming tiles will fail to render. In such cases, the best practice is to slow the rate of data output to Power BI; for example, instead of a maximum value every second, set it to a maximum over 10 seconds. Now that we've covered the three primary types of datasets for real-time streaming, and the three primary ways you can push data into a dataset, let's get your real-time streaming dataset working in Power BI.
To get started with real-time streaming, you need to choose one of the two ways that streaming data can be consumed in Power BI:. With either option, you'll need to set up Streaming data in Power BI. To do this, in your dashboard either an existing dashboard, or a new one select Add a tile and then select Custom streaming data.
If you don't have streaming data set up yet, don't worry - you can select manage data to get started. On this page, you can input the endpoint of your streaming dataset if you already have one created into the text box. The next section describes these options, and goes into more detail about how to create a streaming tile or how to create a dataset from the streaming data source, which you can then use later to build reports. There are two ways to create a real-time streaming data feed that can be consumed and visualized by Power BI:.
When you select API from the New streaming dataset window, you're presented with entries to provide that enable Power BI to connect to and use your endpoint:. If you want Power BI to store the data that's sent through this data stream, enable Historic data analysis and you'll be able to do reporting and analysis on the collected data stream. You can also learn more about the API. For example, wrap your JSON objects in an array.
When you select PubNub and then select Next , you see the following window:. This key will be shared with all users who have access to the dashboard. You can learn more about PubNub access control. PubNub data streams are often high volume, and are not always suitable in their original form for storage and historical analysis. One way to do that is with Azure Stream Analytics.
Here's a quick example of how real time streaming in Power BI works. You can follow along with this sample to see for yourself the value of real time streaming. In this sample, we use a publicly available stream from PubNub. Here are the steps:. Create a name for your dataset, then paste in the following values into the window that appears, then select Next:.
In the following window, just select the defaults which are automatically populated , then select Create. Back in your Power BI workspace, create a new dashboard and then add a tile see above for steps, if you need them. This time when you create a tile and select Custom Streaming Data , you have a streaming data set to work with. Go ahead and play around with it. Adding the number fields to line charts, and then adding other tiles, you can get a real time dashboard that looks like the following:.
Give it a try, and play around with the sample dataset. Then go create your own datasets, and stream live data to Power BI.
Unfortunately, streaming datasets do not support filtering. For push datasets, you can create a report, filter the report, and then pin the filtered visuals to a dashboard. However, there is no way to change the filter on the visual once it's on the dashboard. Separately, you can pin the live report tile to the dashboard, in which case you can change the filters. However, live report tiles will not update in real-time as data is pushed in — you'll have to manually update the visual by using the refresh dashboard tiles option in the More menu.
When applying filters to push datasets with DateTime fields with millisecond precision, equivalence operators are not supported. Streaming datasets are designed for displaying the latest data. You can use the Card streaming visual to easily see latest numeric values. Unfortunately, the card does not support data of type DateTime or Text.
For push datasets, assuming you have a timestamp in the schema, you can try creating a report visual with the last N filter. Modeling is not possible on a streaming dataset, since the data is not stored permanently. You can get more information from the Update Table Schema article , and the Dataset properties article.
There is currently no way to clear data from a streaming dataset, though the data will clear itself after an hour. The feedback system for this content will be changing soon.
Old comments will not be carried over. If content within a comment thread is important to you, please save a copy. For more information on the upcoming change, we invite you to read our blog post. Types of real-time datasets There are three types of real-time datasets which are designed for display on real-time dashboards: Push dataset Streaming dataset PubNub streaming dataset First let's understand how these datasets differ from one another this section , then we discuss how to push data into those each of these datasets.
Push dataset With a push dataset , data is pushed into the Power BI service. There are two considerations to note about pinned tiles from a push dataset: Pinning an entire report using the pin live page option will not result in the data automatically being updated.
Streaming dataset With a streaming dataset , data is also pushed into the Power BI service, with an important difference: Streaming dataset matrix The following table or matrix, if you like describes the three types of datasets for real-time streaming, and lists capabilities and limitations of each. Note When using datasets with the defaultMode flag set to pushStreaming , if a request exceeds the 15Kb size restriction for a streaming dataset, but is less than the 16MB size restriction of a push dataset, the request will succeed and the data will be updated in the push dataset.
Caution If your Azure Stream Analytics query results in very rapid output to Power BI for example, once or twice per second , Azure Stream Analytics will begin batching those outputs into a single request.
Note The feedback system for this content will be changing soon.